The looms have a primary core called a shuttle. This shuttle places the cross-sections of threads close to the craftsman at which time he is driving it by pulling down and to the side, all of which is done by hand. If you were to look at a loom, you would see a piece that moves from one side to the other. This piece is the shuttle, which has an internal bobbin, similar to what you would find with a modern day sewing machine. This bobbin holds thread or yarn, whichever is being used for the hammock creation. The purpose is to bring in new thread to the thread set being fed through the loom. Once these two individual thread units join, they are now officially called a weave or fabric.
The way in which the cross-sectioned threads are tightened is by the shuttle, which pushes against the previous threads using a comb. For Sebastian Hammocks, the types of combs used are made from metal and have special metallic prongs. At this point in the process, the fabric is wound onto yet another coil. Just as in the beginning of the process, this final coil has a pawl, which requires the craftsman to turn the wheel of the loom from time to time as a way of advancing a tooth and ensuring proper tension is being used. As the pawls are rotated while the thread is being fed from the coil, it is gathered into the finished fabric.
Keep in mind that while all of this is taking place, the craftsman is using a wooden rod to measure the fabric to ensure it is even for making the greatest hammock possible. Typically, the fabric for a hammock is 54 inches wide although some manufacturers use a special loom that can produce widths of 70 inches. Once the coil is emptied of thread and all the fabric is now on the final coil, it is then removed from the loom. All of the fabric is then rolled out until the next section of the threads yet to be woven is found and cut.
The finished pieces of fabric are taken to a skilled tailor who does his or her magic by stitching longitudinal hems going down both sides. Then cuts are made in the ends, folded, and stitched to create rings using the same fabric. Throughout the entire process, everything has been done by hand. However, to complete this step, a sewing machine is required and used. These rings are what the cotton cords are connected to for hanging the hammock. On the end of the cords secure knots are tied to keep the hammock tight and secure. On very rare occasion, a knot might come loose but this seldom happens.
Depending on the style of the hammock, spacer bars are used, which consist of wooden bars that have holes drilled where the cord is inserted and tied off. The craftsman does not care much for spreader bars since they tend to rub and wear down the cords, thus damaging the hammock. Regardless, hammocks designed with spreader bars is a good option for some situations. As you can see, the process of designing and creating hammocks is a process that takes a tremendous amount of commitment and time. The result of the labor put into each hammock created by the craftsmen from Sebastian Hammock is a comfortable place for you to relax!